The ripple effect

Jaime Miranda saw business cut in half at M&M Marketplace, his Latino-themed bazaar in Hillsboro, after a 2008 state law required applicants to prove they are in the country legally to get a license. One Woodburn grocery owner, Ezequiel Escobedo, who runs a Woodburn grocery, launched a delivery service for Latino clients who don’t have a license in response to the law.

‘Driving while brown’

Latino residents in Oregon are charged with failing to carry a license at rates more than eight times the rate of whites, the probability of which is “so much smaller than being struck by lightning,” said criminologist Mark G. Harmon. Their real crime? Some say it’s “driving while brown.”

LISTEN: Jim Ludwick

The Lobbyist: Jim Ludwick, founder of Oregonians for Immigration Reform, has dedicated his retirement to making Oregon a less welcoming place for undocumented immigrants. https://soundcloud.com/investigatewest/ludwick-unequal-justice

No Record on Race

Data gaps throughout Oregon make it tough to understand when and why people are stopped by police. This visualization demonstrates which police departments are collecting the information about who their officers are stopping – and which aren’t.

LISTEN: Ron Louie

The Chief: Ron Louie, retired chief of the Hillsboro Police Department, was the state’s first official to collect data about the race and ethnicity of drivers his officers stopped. Other agencies, he said, were “frightened by the scrutiny of the numbers.”